Heart disease: Why men are at higher risk!
When was the last time you felt your heart beat? Sometimes it beats faster than normal just because the reason that you are about to face your latest fear. But one day when you decided to do exercise and just suddenly you started to experience a suffocating sensation in your chest. You are having palpitations and a left sided (retrosternal) pain is radiating to your left arm, neck or jaw. The pain is so severe that you feel like you may die of it. But the pain diminishes within few minutes of its start or after you take rest. Episodes like these repeat and then they start to occur sooner. You feel shortness of breath along with the pain on exertion.
Now is the time to be warned about your heart’s wellbeing. As the symptom of pain radiation to any part of the body increases, you are to get serious about your heart. This may be the harbinger of an underlying medical condition known as angina pectoris or in simple words chest pain. This medical condition is prevalent in males and is one of the most common causes of their death. Males are more predisposed to develop cardiovascular diseases. It is thus imperative that every male should get his heart checked when he experiences any of the above mentioned symptom.
Information received from this great source
What is a Angina?
Angina is simply the ischemia (decrease supply of oxygen compared to the demand) of the heart muscle due to the obstruction in the coronary arteries which supply blood to the heart. The condition is progressive in nature and stable angina gets worsened to unstable angina which may lead to a myocardial infarction (heart attack). This is a medical emergency and needs urgent treatment. As this medical condition is progressive, ways to prevent its progression are being advocated all around the world. The main culprits (risk factors or causes) of angina are cigarette smoking, age more than 45 years, family history of heart diseases, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia (abnormal lipid levels), obesity and sedentary life. Atherosclerosis (deposition of cholesterol and other cells) in the walls of the arteries is also a very important contributing factor.
The common treatment for the acute attack of angina is by placing a tablet of nitroglycerin (vasodilator) under tongue. This acts by vasodilation of the arteries and leading to increase in the oxygen delivery to the affected part. Beta blockers and calcium channel blockers are used to decrease the work load on the heart. Instrumental treatment includes balloon angioplasty where a balloon opens the blocked vessels, coronary bypass surgery which provides an alternative passage for the blood supply to the heart muscles.
Prevention is the way to go!
A well-known quote goes as – “Prevention is better than cure”. First and foremost thing is to reduce weight, maintain a healthy life and avoid strenuous activities. Smoking needs to be stopped as well as body sugar and blood pressure are to be controlled in narrow ranges. Heavy meals and stress are to be avoided. Proper follow up and immediate referral to an experienced doctor in cases of acute attack is mandatory. By taking preventive measures, any severe acute of myocardial infarction can be avoided.
Your heart needs your love and care. Give it in ample amounts as it will ensure longevity and healthy life.